Adverb Clauses

Definition: an adverb clause is a subordinate clause (i.e. a sentence within another sentence) that functions as an adverb in a sentence. Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctions. Below is a chart of the most frequently used English subordinate conjunctions for adverb clauses. These conjunctions are listed according to their meanings. Some conjunctions have more than one meaning.

 

ADVERBIAL SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS

Time

after - as soon as as - before - no sooner...than since until when - while

Place

where - wherever

Manner

as - as if - as though

Purpose

to - in order (not) to - so as to - in order that - so that

Reason

because since - as

Result

 

so (that), so... (+ adjective/adverb) that - such ... (+ noun) that

Condition

if even if - unless - in case - provided that - as long as

Concession

although though even though even if in spite of the fact that despite the fact that - not that

Comparison

as - than

While (she was) speaking to the timid student, the teacher spoke slowly.

You are smarter than I (am smart.)