Valentine's Day

Made by Carmen Luisa

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February 14 is Valentine's Day. it is celebrated as a lovers' holiday today, with the giving of candy, Valentine flowers, or other gifts between couples in love, it originated 5th Century Rome as a tribute to St. Valentine, a Catholic bishop.
The Lottery

For eight hundred years to the establishment of Valentine's Day, the Romans had practiced a pagan celebration in mid-February young men's rite of passage to the god Lupercus. The celebration featured a lottery in young men would draw the names of teenage girls from a box. The girl assigned to each young man in that manner be his sexual companion during the remaining year.

Party Pooper Pope
In an effort to away with the pagan festival, Pope Gelasius ordered a slight change in the lottery. Instead the names of young women, the box would contain the names of saints. Both men and women were to draw from the box, and the game was to emulate the ways of the saint they drew during the rest of the year. to say, many of the young Roman men were not too pleased with the rule changes.
Instead of the pagan god Lupercus, the Church for a suitable patron saint of love to take his place. They found an appropriate choice in Valentine, who, in AD 270 had been by Emperor Claudius.

Falling for the Jailer's Daughter
During the days that Valentine was , he fell in with the blind daughter of his jailer. According folklore, his love for her, and his great faith, managed to miraculously heal her from her blindness before his death. Before he taken to his death, he signed a farewell message to her, "From your Valentine." The phrase has been used on his day since.

The Tradition Begins
Although the lottery for women had been banned the church, the mid-February holiday in commemoration of St. Valentine was still used by Roman men to the affection of women. It became a tradition for the men to give the ones they admired handwritten messages of affection, Valentine's name.
The first Valentine card out of this practice. The first true Valentine card was sent in 1415 by Charles, duke of Orleans, to his wife. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London at the time.

Cupid, another of the holiday, became associated with it because he was the Roman god of passion and love. He also was associated with desire. Cupid was the son of Venus, the Roman god of love and beauty. Cupid a role in several mythical adventures. In Vergil's Aeneid, Cupid prompts Dido to fall in love with Aeneas, with tragic results. Cupid is a central in the traditional tale of Cupid and Psyche, as told by Apuleius. In modern times, cupid is often depicted as a chubby creature with wings, shooting his arrows to inflict desire on his unsuspecting victims. Cupid often appears on Valentine cards or is imprinted on heart-shaped .